Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park
Before declared as a National Park mountainous highland of Bromo Tengger Semeru is a forest area with many functions like Strict Nature Reserve Recreation Forest, Protection Forest and Production Forest. Declaration of Bromo Tengger Semeru area as a National Park is based on some considerations i. e: rare and endemic flora habitat of migrant wildlife, unique ecosystem, active volcano, scenery of nature cultural and traditional lives of local people as a catchment area for water resources around the area etc.
Mount Bromo, a volcanic mountain in East Java, which is so famous with the the spectacular and the beautiful views of sunrise panorama on it's peak is located in this park. Its famous feature is the remarkable and vast sand sea (covers 10 km) across which is the caldera of an ancient volcano (Tengger) and which four newer volcanic cones have emerged.
The massive also includes the highest mountain in Java, Semeru. Tengger sandy area has been protected since 1919, and it is believed to be the only conservation area in Indonesia, even probably in the world possessing a unique ocean of sand at altitude about 2000m asl.
The annual ceremony of Kasodo ( a Hindu or, as they believe, Buddhist enclave in Islamic Java). The ceremony is usually done at midnight of every eleven month of the Tengger calendar system (the meaning of Kasodo) on the 14th and 15th day (the event in full moon).
The fine scenery and bracing climate, easy access and reasonably visitor oriented facilities make this one of the most popular reserves in Java.
The Sea of the
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